Different unpredicted circumstances can come up –needing to pay for a car repair, a tax bill, or even a medical operation. Despite needing immediate financial aid, an increasing number of people don't want to use their properties or assets as collateral (i.e. car, jewellery, or houses). In this case, individuals have the option of taking out an unsecured loan, even despite a less-than-perfect credit score. Although these loans will commonly be shorter-term and for small amounts than offered by high street banks, unsecured loans for bad credit can be viewed as a contingency plan in the event of needing emergency funding. This type of financial help is commonly available for those who have been tirelessly working on improving their financial health.
What are your expectations?
As the name suggests, unsecured loans are loans that have not been "secured" with any type of collateral. More specifically, the lender will not be able to take hold of your house, car, or other assets should you default or stop making payments. In other words, this type of loans is approved thought creditworthiness and the promise that you will repay the lender. For this reason, unsecured loans are sometimes defined as signature or personal loans, since your signature will automatically confirm the agreement.
When it comes to having "bad credit", or otherwise a less-than-perfect credit rating, it's vital to set realistic expectations. This means understanding that your options will be somewhat limited and that there will be few attractive solutions or avenues which you can choose from. However, this doesn't mean that you need to feel pressured into signing a deal which is not affordable or enticing.
Due to the fact that most loans tend to be based on the individual's credit history, your unhealthy financial activity will trigger a chain reaction, one in which the lender will charge significantly higher interest rates. This relates to the fact that you will be considered a high-risk investment in which the lender will not be able to seize any of your assets in the event that you will fail to pay back the loan. Because this is a potential reality, lenders charge high-interest rates to justify the risk they are taking. The extent of the interest will be contingent on your credit score and the amount you'd like to borrow. Find out the pros and cons of unsecured loans for bad credit.
Which factors will influence an unsecured loan?
As previously mentioned, an unsecured loan doesn't require pledging your assets as collateral; however, it will be based on your ability to repay the loan on a monthly basis. In order to evaluate your competence in doing so, lenders will look at certain determining factors:
As you may have already expected, lenders will check your credit score and loan history in order to determine if you've successfully paid off loans in the past. The information they will acquire will determine your score – which is a shortcut for evaluating your creditworthiness. In the event of a less-than-desirable credit score, lenders will still discuss your options, as they will evaluate the measures you have taken in order to get your finances back on track.
Your financial stability will also play a huge role in determining if you will be able to repay any new loans. In other words, you should expect that lenders will require proof of income, and that includes bank statements, tax returns, and other supporting information. Then, lenders will appraise how much of a burden your new loan payment will be, in relation to your monthly income. This is commonly done by calculating a debt-to-income ratio.
What other options are available?
Nonetheless, you may still find yourself in the predicament of not qualifying for an unsecured loan, be it due to your financial health or your income. If this is the situation which you're currently tackling, there are still some avenues to explore:
Use a Co-Signer
Using a co-signer can be a useful technique which will guarantee your approval for an unsecured loan. However, it's important that you fully understand what this means, for both parties. By entering this type of financial agreement, your co-signer will apply for a loan with you, promising to repay the loan should you fail to do so. Additionally, in order for the chosen individual to qualify as a "partner", they will need to have good credit and satisfactory income capabilities, should you fail to meet your monthly commitments.
Although this may sound like an attractive opportunity, it's vital to keep in mind that your co-signer is taking an immense risk. For example, if they might choose to buy a home, this may derail their plans until your loan is paid off. Additionally, if the co-signer will be unable to pay off your loan, their credit score will considerably suffer.
A sensible alternative is to improve your credit score. This can be done by taking small loans, paying them off, and repeating. By using this technique, you may also improve your chances of getting approved for a secured loan.
Although this won't be your preferred choice, borrowing a small amount may guarantee a lender's approval for a smaller loan –because it will mean smaller payments which your income will be able to support.
Is this the best option for me?
While ultimately the decision belongs to you, it's important to understand the risks associated with unsecured loans when you have a less-than-perfect credit rating. Due to the fact that you're not in a position of power -based on your credit score- being aware of "predatory lending" is essential when choosing who to work with. Be sure to understand any hidden costs (i.e. loan agreements fees), and try to work with reputable lenders who will help you build up your credit score.